The diverse wildlife of Ljubljana's forests
STA, August 25, 2019 - The wider area of Ljubljana covers 211 square kilometers, including 62 square kilometers of forest, with the area surrounding the city being a natural habitat for a wide variety of animals, including numerous bird species, as well as endangered species or even those already dead.
Park administrators have been exposed to alleged extinct species of precious crustaceans, which were very common in Slovenian rivers, but suffered a massive decline in populations due to invasive river crayfish carrying duck plague.
The area is home to almost 500 butterfly species, about 110 beetle species, about 100 bird species, including 68 urban nesting species, about 50 spider species, 36 porcupine species, 12 different reptile species and 8 bats.
According to Marko Jonozovic, a spokesman for the Forest Service, brown rabbits and pheasants, foxes, badgers and beech martens are also present in rural Ljubljana, with introduced or invasive species of nutmeg and nutria living in wetlands or on water bodies.
The brown bear rarely gets into the forests of the Ljubljana urban area - from time to time the bear enters it via the Golovec animal-friendly passage or via the other viaduct and underpass, but mostly in the southwestern part of Ljubljana swamps where it can. find enough food and enjoy the peace.
Muflon has also been found in the Polhov Gradec Mountains near Dobrova in the west of Ljubljana. In addition, wild boar, deer and jackal are known to be present in the wider wooded area of Ljubljana.
The most common species of domestic birds are sparrows, blackbirds, pigeons and big tits. In recent decades, the number of crows in the city has increased and the birds feel safe in the city center due to the abundance of food.
The Tivoli Nature Park and the Roznik and Shishka Mounds are home to protected birds that are listed as endangered species in Europe under the Natura 2000 list, such as mallard ducks, common rattlesnake, Eurasian warbler, black woodpecker.